With a total population density of 136 persons/sq.km., the town is considered as a low density area. Rural barangays have a population density of 112 persons/sq.km. while the urban barangays with a population density of 906 persons/sq.km. is classified as a high density area. Poblacion 1 has the highest density of 956 persons/sq.km. and Barangay Lawigan is the lowest with 39 persons/sq.km.
The LGU organizational structure of Tubay is composed of thirteen offices of which nine are mandatory and the remaining four optional. It employed a total of seventy (70) personnel, four (4) of which are temporary, twelve (12) casual workers and forty two (42) permanent employees and twelve (12) elected officials. The office of the Mayor, Sangguninag Bayan, Treasurer’s Office and Health Offices covers the bigger percent of the employees. Each office is being supervised by its respective department head with the Office of the Mayor directly supervising these offices.
During the May 10, 2007 national and local elections, 54 precincts functioned in the municipality. Number of registered voters totaled to 11,749. Of this number, registered voters who actually voted was 9,966 or 85% while 1,783 or 15% failed to vote. While during the barangay elections last October 21, 2007, there are 13,166 registered voters, 10,164 who actually voted or 77% and 3,002 or 23% failed to vote.
Population Size and Growth Trend
As to Year 2007 census, the town has a population of 18,674 with a growth rate of 0.79. From a high growth rate of 4.68 in 1960 and 3.50 in 1970, it dropped to 0.71 in 1980. Cause of this low growth rate is low economic activity aggravated by a serious peace and order problem. Population increased by 3,153 and a 2.34 growth rate in 1990 before dropping again to the growth rate of 1.17 in 2000.
The municipality has a total of 13 barangays – 2 urban and 11 rural. The 2007 census showed that 3,560 or 19.06% lived in the urban areas and about 15,114 or 80.94 % lived in the rural areas.
Population by Sex
In 2007, male population is 9,676 or 51.82 % of the total population of the municipality while female population is only 8,998 or 48.18%.
Male population has more than 1,886 employed than the female population; this is because of the Mining Company that hires mostly male in its industries and operations. They also have more unemployed by 71but lower in “Not in the Labor Force” by 1,489 compared to the female populations.
The municipality has one main health center, five barangay health stations and four heath centers. The main health center is staffed with one health officer, one health nurse one sanitary inspector, one medical technologist, one health midwife, one clerk and one utility worker while BHCs/BHS’s are manned with one midwife and barangay health worker. Since the municipality has no private hospital or clinic cases for further management and treatment are referred to the nearest district hospital.
Around 2.72 for every 1,000 population die here in 2000, low compared to the provincial rate of 3.3 but high compared to the 2.27 benchmark attained by one municipality in Agusan del Norte.
The municipality’s infant mortality rate of 4.25 per 1,000 live births is much lower than that of Agusan del Norte’s 9.51. But it is still too high in this province where two municipalities hit a zero infant death.
Such high morbidity rate also couldn’t be done away. The malnutrition rate here is high at 215.56 per 1,000 populations, too high compared to the provincial rate of only 124.
Such high malnutrition level could just also be the case. The residents here are eating only 60% of the required intake, too low compared to the provincial food nutrient intake adequacy level of 86%.
The sanitation condition in the place exacerbates the condition. Around 91.04% are utilizing sanitary toilets but only 62.02% of its residents have access to sanitary sources of water.
All these deficiencies in the health development condition show in the causes of death here. Hypertensive vascular and Heart Diseases are the two leading causes of death in the place, all traceable to a deficient or faulty diet, unsanitary surroundings and physical abuse either through overwork or unhealthy lifestyle.
Most of the 63.66% of the residents are believers of the Roman Catholic faith, Aglipayans comprise 26.74%, Iglesia ni Kristo 2.41%, Evangelicals 3.35% and the other 3.84% are followers of the other congregations.
By their dialect, those from the islands in the Visayas fronting the northeastern side of Mindanao mainland are the places where most of the municipality’s current residents came from. They comprise 97.80% of the present mix – Cebuano, the dominant one (94.94%), Boholano (1.97%), Hiligaynon/Ilonggo (0.35%), Ilonggot (0.43%), Waray (0.11%). Migrants from the Luzon island up north of the country’s expanse also mix up with the presence of Tagalog speaking residents (0.12%). The other 0.70% of the current population originates from the Mindanao region – Butuanon (0.10%), Kamigin (0.11%), Manobo (0.14%), Davao Chavacano (0.11%) and the Surigaonon (0.24%). What may have remained of the original inhabitants of the place comprise only 1.38% of the ethnic mix.